Noun Clause

4 Jun

Noun Clause

 

A noun clause is a dependent clause that functions as a noun. It can be subject, object, or subject of complement. Because a noun clause is dependent, it must be connected to an independent clause to form a complex sentence. A noun clause used as an object is preceded by an independent clause called an introductory clause.

     A. Squence of tenses in noun clauses

The verb in the introductory clause controls the tense of the verb in the noun clause, if the introductory clause verb is simple present, present perfect, or future, the verb in the noun clause is in whatever tense expresss the meaning that introductory clause intends.

Example :

1.      The prime ministers agree the global warming isa serious world problem.

2.      They hope that all nation will be responsible for solving this serious problem.

3.      Scientiists believe that atmospheric warming has already begun

4.      Measurements have indicated that the average temperature of the earth has risen in the past one hundred years.

5.      Further research will prove that carbon dioxcide is largely responsible.

However, when the verb in the introductory clause is in the past tense, the verb in the dependent clause is usually in a past form:

1.      The prime ministers agreed the global warming was a serious world problem.

2.      They hoped that all nation would be responsible for solving this serious problem.

3.      Scientiists believedthat atmospheric warming hadalready begun

4.      Measurements had indicated that the average temperature of the earth had risenin the past one hundred years.

5.      Further research proved that carbon dioxcide was largely responsible.

 

      B. Noun Clause objects from statement, questions exclamation

No

Noun cluse

Derived from

Introductory

Conjunction

Function of clause

Examples

1

A statement

Coffee grows in Brazil

That

Subject

Subject after it

Subject complement

Object of verb

That coffee grows in Brazil is well known to all

It is well known that coffee grows in Brazil

My understanding is that coffee grows in Brazil

 

I know that coffee grows in Brazil

2

A question

Expecting yes or no answer Will he get the money?

 

 

 

 

Interrogative word question how will he get the money?

Whether (or not) also if

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Who

What

Which

When

Where

Why

How

Subject

 

Subject complement

Object of verb

 

Object of preposition

 

Subject

Subject complement

Object of verb

 

Object of preposition

Whether (or not) he gets the money does not concern me

The question is whetherhe will get the money

 

Do you know whether (or if)he will get the money?

We were concerned about whetherhe would get the money

 

How he gets the money is his own affair

The question is How he gets the money

 

I do not know how he will get the money

 

We were concerned about how he would get the money

3

A request

I  write the letter

That

Object of verb

He suggested that I  write the letter

4

An exclamation

What pretty girl she is!

What

How

Object of verb

Object of preposition

I had not realized what pretty girl she was!

We talked about what pretty girl she was!

 

That- clauses (statement)

That-clauses are made from statements and are introduced by the subordinator that. The word thatis often omitted if the meaning is clear without it. A that-clause is composed of

That + subject + verb + complement

… that the language center of the brain differs from in each person

… that different aspects of language, such as nouns and verbs, are processed in different areas of the brain.

 

Introductory clause verbs

GROUP I

No indirect

object

GROUP II

Indirect object

Optional; to

reguired with

indirect object

GROUP III

Indirect object required

GROUP IV

Indirect object

optional

Agree

Answer

Assert

Conclude

Know

Notice

Realize

State

Think

Admit

Explain

Mention

Point out

Prove

reply

Assure

Convince

Inform

Notify

Remind

Tell

Promise

Show

Teach

Warn

Write

 

The verbs in group I do not take an indirect object

We know that women have higher verbal IQs than men

The verbs in group II may or may not take an indirect object. However, if an indirect object is used, to must precede it.

The defense attorney proved (to the jury) that his client was not guilty.

The verbs in group III must be followed an indirect object

The doctor assured the worried parents that their child would recover

The verbs in group IV may or may not be followed by an indirect object

He promised (them) that they could see their child immediately after the operation

Wh-word clauses

A wh-word clause is a dependent noun clause in which the subordinator is a wh-word such as who, what, where, when, why, how much, how long, which, etc. A wh-word clause is coomposed of either

I consider what you said a great result

If/whether-clauses

If/whether-clauses are dependent nouun clauses that are formed from yes/no questions and are introduced by the subordinator whether or if. An if/whether-clause is composed of

I doubt whether he will go or not

Introductory words

     1.    Verbs of indirect speech – announce, ask, debate, explain, indicate, inquire, mention, reveal, say, state, tell

     2.    Verbs of mental activity – care, choose, consider, decide, determine, doubt, find out, hear, judge, know, learn, notice, observe, see, wonder.

Noun clause from exclamation

Noun clause from exclamations are introduced by the same words that introduce exclamations – what, how. The word of exclamations is preserved in these noun clause

Exclamation    : how beautiful his wife is!

Noun clause    : I am amazed at how his wife is

Exclamation    : what a beautiful figure his wife has!

Noun clause    : he is always boasting about what a beautiful figure his wifehas

Introductory words

   1.   Verbs of mental activity – realize, notice, see, remember, understand

I still remember what a wonderful cook his mother is

    2.   Verbs of indireect speech that take prepositional objects – boast about, complain about, talk about, remark about,

The company isinvestigating his complaint about how badly the new bus driver

     3.   After ed – participial adjectives of emotion as amazed, astonished, disappoiinted, disgusted, surprised. The noun clauses are the objects of the prepositions that follow the – edadjectives, usually at.

I was a stonished at how small their how was

a.       Noun Clauses after wish: referring to present and past time

b.      Changing famous statements to indirect speech

Uraian Materi

a.       Noun Clauses after wish: referring to present and past time

Present subjunctive:    I wish she were not late

                                                      (Fact: sheis late)   

Past subjunctive:   I wish she had not been late

                                                      (Fact: she was late)

Verb form in true sentence

Verb form following wish

A wish about the present

I do not know French

It is raining right now

I can not speak Javanese

I wish I knew French

I wish it were not raining right now

I wish I could speak English

Wish is used when the speaker wants reality to be different, to be exactly  the opposite. Verb forms similar to those in conditional sentences are used. Notice the example Wish is followed by a noun clause. The use of that is optional. Usually it is omitted in speaking

A wish about the past

John did not come

Mary could come

I wish John had come

I wish Mary could not have come

 

b.      Changing famous statements to indirect speech

There are two ways of relating what a person has said: by repeating the original speaker’s word (she said” I do not know about this”) or by giving the exact meaning of the remark without necessary using the speaker’s exact words (she said that she did not know about that).

 

Direct speech

Indirect speech

Simple present

Present continuous tense

Present perfect

Future tense

Simple past

Past continuous tense

Past perfect

Past future

Now

Today

Yesterday

Last night

Last week

Tomorrow

Next year

This

These

 There

Then

That day

The previous day

The previous night

The previous week

The next day

 The following year

That

Those

There

 

 

             Example:

            o  Dedi said “ dewi sells voucher”

               Dedi said that she sold voucher

            o  Rima said “ Rio is happy

               Rima said that he was happy

            o  Tom said “ my parents were sad yesterday

           Tom said that his parents were sad the previous day

SOAL NOUN CLAUSE

    1. Another title that would best explain the main idea of this story is ….
a. Typing with feet
b. Handicapped Girl Succeeds
c. Scrapbook from Life
d. Polio and its Effects
JAWAB : B

2. Emma Flores …..
a. worries a great deal
b. cannot walk
c. writes with her feet
d. feeds herself
JAWAB : C

3. Emma uses a respirator …..
a. to help her breathe at night
b. at all time
c. to help he type
d. only during the way
JAWAB : A

4. When Emma was a young girl in Mexican ….
a. Mexican children never got polio
b. Doctors knew a great deal about polio
c. She was the only child
d. She was one of many Mexican children struck by polio
JAWAB : D

5. Emma Flores is ….
a. selfish c. complaining
b. determined d. worrying
JAWAB :B

 

   6. The thief ……… into the room through this window because there are footprint near the door.
A. Was to get
B. My get
C. Would rather get
D. Must have got
JAWAB: D

7. He told me a lot about the Philippines. He ….. there for a long time.
A. Must have lived
B. Might be living
C. Ought to have lived
D. Should be living
JAWAB: A

8. Your son will be operated on tomorrow morning. He … have a good rest tonight’ the doctor said.
A. Might
B. May
C. Can
D. Must
JAWAB: D

9. Having given the prescription to the patient…
A. The medicine was taken regularly by the patient
B. The doctor told the patient to take the medicine regularly
C. The medicine had to be taken regularly by the patient
D. The patient was told to take the medicine regularly
JAWAB: B

10. ………. A few million rupiahs, he went on a four to Europe.
A. Saved
B. Has saved
C. He has saved
D. Having saved
JAWAB: D


      Sumber :

       http://sudarwantoiwan.blogspot.com/2013/01/materi-bahasa-ing.html

       http://damarkanggoro.blogspot.com/2012/03/tugas-materirumus-soal-dan-jawaban.html

Tinggalkan Balasan

Isikan data di bawah atau klik salah satu ikon untuk log in:

Logo WordPress.com

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Logout / Ubah )

Gambar Twitter

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Logout / Ubah )

Foto Facebook

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Logout / Ubah )

Foto Google+

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Logout / Ubah )

Connecting to %s

%d blogger menyukai ini: